Investigation of the Effect of Sports Participation Motivations of Students of Faculty of Sports Sciences on Their Leadership Orientations

Mustafa TAZE, Çağatay DERECELİ


In this study, it was aimed to determine the relationship between motivation to participate in sports and leadership orientations of students of the faculty of sports sciences. A relational survey model was used in this study. The study group consisted of students studying in the Faculty of Sports Sciences. The questionnaire part of the study consists of three parts. Firstly, includes demographic information. Secondly, the “Leadership Orientations Questionnaire”, which was developed by Bolman and Deal (1990) and adapted into Turkish by Dereli (2003), is explored. Thirdly, consists of the Participation Motivation Questionnaire, which was developed by Gill et al. (1983) and adapted into Turkish by Oyar et al. (2001). For the determine normality assumption skewness and kurtosis values was used. Skewness and kurtosis values were found to be between ±2 and it was determined that the data had a normal distribution (George and Malley, 2003). Afterward, an Independent samples t-test was used between paired groups, and a one-way analysis of variance was used for paired variables. Moreover, reliability coefficient, frequency and percentage and mean and standard deviation calculations were conducted. Simple regression analysis was used to determine the effect between the dependent and independent variables. The findings, a statistically significant difference was found in the variables of leadership orientation and age, income level, and frequency of weekly sports participation in sports participation motivation. As a result, it was determined that there was a low-level significant and negative relationship between the participants' motivation to participate in sports and their leadership orientations.

Keywords: Leadership, Motivation, Sports.

Full Text:



Acar, Z. (2012). Investigation of elementary school students' participation motivation at physical education and extracurricular activities. (Master's Thesis). Ankara.

Ağralı Ermiş, S., & Dereceli, E. (2023). Leadership tendencies of basketball players playing in different leagues (example of Aegean Region). The Journal of Turkish Sport Sciences, 6(1), 11-20.

Akbaba, A., & Erenler, E. (2008). The relationship between the managers’ leadership styles and business performance in hotel businesses. Anatolia: Journal of Tourism Research, 19(1), 21-36.

Aktop, A., & Akkoyun, H. (2011). Participation motives of primary school athletes. Scientific Report Series Physical Education and Sport, 15(1), 263-266.

Altınışık, Ü., Turhal, S. N., Çelik, A., & Yetim, A. A. (2020). Employability perceptions of sports manager candidates. Ambient Science, 07(Sp1), 275-279.

Arslan, H., & Uslu, B. (2013). Examining the Leadership Orientations of Pre-Service Teachers. e-internationel Journal of Educationel Research, 5(1), 42-60.

Arslan, H., & Uslu, B. (2014). The Relationship between Learning Styles and Leadership Orientations of Pre-Service. Education And Science, vol.39, no.173, pp. 340-353.

Ataman, G. (2001). İşletme yönetiminde temel kavramlar ve yeni yaklaşımlar. Türk-men Kitapevi.

Atar, E., & Özberk, O. (2009). The leadership behaviours of the school of physical education and sports students. Journal of Spormetre, 7, 51-59.

Aydın, R. (2016). Comparison of leadership skills dealing with individual and team sports of students studying at schools of physical education and sports. (Master's Thesis). Bartın University, Institute of Educational Sciences.

Beltekin, E., & Kuyulu, İ. (2019). Investigation of leadership tendency levels of students studying in Faculties of Sports Sciences (Example of Erciyes University). Journal of Sport for All and Recreation, 1(1), 26-29.

Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2003). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership (3rd ed.). Jossey-Bass.

Bozkurt, Ş. (2014). An investigation of sport participation motives, achievement goals and self-efficacy of the students who took part in school sports. (Master's Thesis). Antalya.

Cengiz, R., & Güllü, S. (2018). Investigation of leadership orientation and physical respectiveness levels of Faculty of Sport Sciences students. Gaziantep University Journal of Sport Sciences, 3(4), 94-108.

Çar, B. (2013). Summary determination of properties of leadership on the college students taking sports education. (Master's Thesis). Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Physical Education and Sports Teaching.

Çayak, S. (2023). Examination of the relationship between school principals' democratic leadership behaviors and diversity management skills. Journal of Education and Recreation Patterns (JERP). 4(2), 303-316.

Çetintaş, Y. (2019). An investigation of leadership orientations of karate coaches. (Master's Thesis). Bartın University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences.

Dereceli, Ç., Dereceli, E., Kıvanç, Y., & Parlak, R. (2024). Investigation of leadership orientations of health services vocational school students in terms of various variables. Innovation Sports Journal, 2(1), 16-25.

Dereli, M. (2003). A survey research of leadership styles of elementary school principals.

Direk, O. (2020). Investigation of organizational commitment and leadership orientation of students studying in faculty of sport sciences. (Master's Thesis). Akdeniz University, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Sports Management.

Hayri, Y. (2010). The relations between leadership orientation and perception of professional ethical behavior of elementary school administrators: A study made in the sample of the teachers. (Master's Thesis). Yeditepe University, Institute of Social Sciences.

İbıcıoğlu, H., Özmen, H. İ., & Taş, S. (2009). Relation of social norms and leadership behavior: An empirical study. Süleyman Demirel University Journal of Faculty of Economics & Administrative Sciences, 14(2).

Karasar, N. (2007). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri (17. Baskı). Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.

Keten, M. (1993). Türkiye’de spor (2. Baskı). Polat Ofset.

Kılıçaslan, U. (2015). Comparison of some motoric features of students at sport high school and other high schools: Example for the Trabzon city. (Master's Thesis). Karadeniz Teknik University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports.

Koçak, R. D., & Özüdoğru, H. (2012). The effects of leadership characteristics of the executives on the employees’ motivation and performance: A study of public and private hospitals. The Journal of Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli University Faculty of Tourism, (1), 76-88.

Korkmaz, O. (2017). Authentic leadership and organizational trust. Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, 58, 437-454.

Kurtyemez, H. (2021). The relationship between leadership features and success orientations of sports sciences students: Sample of Samsun. (Master's Thesis). Ondokuz Mayıs University, Institute of Postgraduate Education.

Oyar, Z. B., Aşçı, F. H., Çelebi, M., & Mülazımoğlu, Ö. (2001). Validity and reliability of "Participation Motivation Questionnaire". Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences, 12(2), 21-32.

Özdemir, Y., Buyruk, H., & Güngör, S. (2018). The relationship between teacher candidates' critical thinking tendency and leadership orientations. Mersin University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 14(2), 548-571.

Özdenk, S. (2015). Investigations on emotional intelligence and leadership characteristics of individuals lacking sport habits and athletes dealing with individual and team sports. (Doctoral Thesis). Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences.

Öztürk, K. E. (2017). Analysis of leadership orientations and self-confidence behaviors of physical education and sports school students. (Master's Thesis). İnönü University Institute of Health Sciences.

Parlak, N. (2023). Investigation of the effect of mental training on mental strength in amateur football players. Aydın Adnan Menderes University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 10(1), 83-100.

Richard, M. (1975). Stres-Lyman W. Porter. Motivation and Work Behaviour. McGraw-Hill Series in Management.

Sarıkol, E., & Ustaoğlu Hoşver, P. (2023). Examination of the leadership style perceptions of the students in the Faculty of Sports Sciences. Gaziantep University Journal of Sport Sciences, 8(1), 18-30.

Semiz, H. (2011). Effect of high school students in sports leadership (Hendek example). (Master's Thesis). Sakarya University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports.

Sevinç, K., & Kapçak, V. (2021). Investigation of sports participation motivation and self-efficacy levels of sports sciences faculty students. International Journal of Exercise Psychology, 3(2), 68-78.

Şirin, E. F., Çağlayan, H. S., Çetin, M. Ç., & İnce, A. (2008). Determination of factors affecting sports participation motivation of high school students who make sports. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 2(2), 98-110.

Ünsal, B., & Ramazanoğlu, F. (2013). The sociological impact of sport media on society. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, 2(1), 36-46.

Zengin, S., & Somoğlu, M. B. (2022). Investigation of leadership tendencies of students in sports science. Mediterranean Journal of Sport Sciences, 5(Special Issue 1), 483-502.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

The Journal of Education and Recreation Patterns © 2023 by The Journal of Education and Recreation Patterns is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0