Investigation of the Relationship Between Psychological Comfort Levels and Organizational Commitment Levels of Physical Education Teachers

Mustafa KIZILKOCA

Abstract


This research aims to examine the relationship between psychological comfort levels and organizational commitment levels of physical education teachers. The universe of the research consisted of physical education teachers working in Elâzığ province. The study's sample group consisted of 211 people, 148 male, and 63 female, from physical education teachers working in Elâzığ. The "Psychological Comfort Scale" and "Organizational Commitment Scale" were used as data collection tools. Dependent-Sample T-test, One Way Anova, and Pearson Correlation Analysis were used in the analysis of the data. In terms of gender and educational status variables, there was no significant difference in the organizational commitment sub-dimensions and psychological commitment levels of physical education teachers. Regarding age, occupational year, and marital status variables, significant differences were found in organizational commitment sub-dimensions and psychological comfort levels. According to the findings obtained, as the age and occupational year increased, the organizational commitment and psychological comfort levels of physical education teachers decreased. Single teachers were found to have higher levels of organizational commitment and psychological comfort than married teachers. A medium-level relationship was found between the levels of forced commitment, moral commitment, and self-interested commitment, which are the organizational commitment sub-dimensions of physical education teachers, and psychological comfort levels (r= -0.39, r= 0.51, r=0.43). As the psychological comfort levels of physical education teachers increased, so did their level of organizational commitment. After all; A significant positive relationship was found between the organizational commitment levels of physical education teachers and their psychological comfort levels.

Keywords: Organizational Commitment, Physical Education Teacher, Psychological Comfort.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Albayrak, E. G. (2007). Impact on career management and organizational commitment. Master's Thesis, University Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Business Administration, Istanbul.

Al-Fadli, F. (1997). The relationship between organizational commitment, leadership subordinates’ work relationships, and demographic variables. Public Administration, 37(1), 75-120.

Baer, M., & Frese, M. (2003). Innovation is not enough: Climates for initiative and psychological safety, process innovations, and firm performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior: The International Journal of Industrial, Occupational and Organizational Psychology and Behavior, 24(1), 45-68.

Bakan, İ. (2011). The Basis of Organizational Strategies Organizational Commitment Concept, Theory, Cause, and Effect. Gazi Bookstore, Ankara.

Bayram, L. (2005). A new paradigm in management: Organizational commitment. Journal of the Court of Accounts, (59), 125-139.

Becker, T. E., Billings, R. S., Eveleth, D. M., & Gilbert, N. L. (1996). Foci and bases of employee commitment: Implications for job performance. Academy of management journal, 39(2), 464-482.

Bilgin, Y. (2018). Examination of the relationship between the quality of working life, psychological well-being, and organizational commitment levels of teachers working in special education schools. Master's Thesis. Necmettin Erbakan University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Department of Special Education, Konya.

Demirtaş, H. (2010). Organizational commitment and job satisfaction in private teaching institution' teachers. İnönü University Journal of Faculty of Education, 11 (2), 177-206.

Doğan, S., & Demiral, Ö. (2009). An Investigation into the Effect of Personnel Empowerment and Psychological Contract in Ensuring Organizational Commitment. Erciyes University Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, (32), 47-80.

Dollard, M. F., Tuckey, M. R., & Dormann, C. (2012). Psychosocial safety climate moderates the job demand–resource interaction in predicting workgroup distress. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 45, 694-704.

Durna, U., & Eren, V. (2005). Organizational commitment is on the axis of three elements of commitment. Journal of Doğuş University, 6 (2), 210-219.

Edmondson, A. (1999). Psychological safety and learning behavior in work teams. Administrative science quarterly, 44(2), 350-383.

Edmondson, A. C. (2002). Managing the risk of learning: Psychological safety in work teams. Cambridge, MA: Division of Research, Harvard Business School. 255-275.

Edmondson, A. C., & Lei, Z. (2014). Psychological safety: The history, renaissance, and future of an interpersonal construct. Annual review of organizational psychology and organizational behavior, 1(1), 23-43.

Ergün, H., & Çelik, K. (2019). Turkish adaptation of organizational commitment scale. Pamukkale University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, (34), 113-121.

Guchait, P., Ruetzler, T., Taylor, J., & Toldi, N. (2014). Video interviewing: A potential selection tool for hospitality managers–A study to understand applicant perspective. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 36, 90-100.

Gündoğan, T., & Müdürlüğü, İ.K.G. (2009). Organızatıonal Commıtment: Implementatıon Of The Central Bank Of The Republıc Of Turkey. General Directorate of Human Resources of the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, 31-61.

Güzelbayram, Ş. (2013). Determination of organizational commitment levels of lecturers working in foundation universities. Journal of Higher Education and Science, (1), 57-64.

İnce, M., & Gül, H. (2005). A new paradigm in management: Organizational commitment. Konya: Çizgi Kitabevi, 77.

Kahn, W.A. (1990). Psychological conditions of personal engagement and disengagement at work. Academy of management journal, 33(4), 692-724.

Karim, F., & Rehman, O. (2012). Impact of job satisfaction, perceived organizational justice and employee empowerment on organizational commitment in semi-government organizations of Pakistan. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, 3(4), 92.

Kessel, M., Kratzer, J., & Schultz, C. (2012). Psychological safety, knowledge sharing, and creative performance in healthcare teams. Creativity and innovation management, 21(2), 147-157.

Koçak, Ö. E., & Yener, S. (2019). The mediating role of psychological comfort perception in the effect of trust perception in the leader on workplace loneliness. Journal of Management and Economics, 26(3), 937-954.

Lee, F., Edmondson, A. C., Thomke, S., & Worline, M. (2004). The mixed effects of inconsistency on experimentation in organizations. Organization Science, 15(3), 310-326.

Liu, S., Hu, J., Li, Y., Wang, Z., & Lin, X. (2014). Examining the cross-level relationship between shared leadership and learning in teams: Evidence from China. The leadership quarterly, 25(2), 282-295.

May, D. R., Gilson, R. L., & Harter, L. M. (2004). The psychological conditions of meaningfulness, safety, and availability, and the engagement of the human spirit at work. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 77(1), 11-37.

Memişoğlu, S. P. & Kalay, M. (2017). The relationship between the organizational commitment and motivation of teachers working in primary and secondary schools (Bolu provincial example). Turkish Studies, 12(4), 367-392.

Mercan, M. (2006). Organizational commitment in teachers is characterized by organizational alienation and organizational citizenship. Master's Thesis, Afyonkarahisar Kocatepe University Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Primary Education, Department of Classroom Teaching, Afyon.

Nartgün, Ş. S., & Menep, İ. (2010). Examination of the perception levels of teachers working in primary schools regarding organizational commitment: The case of Şırnak/İdil. International Journal of Human Sciences, 7(1), 288-316.

Newman, A., Donohue, R., & Eva, N. (2017). Psychological safety: A systematic review of the literature. Human resource management review, 27(3), 521-535.

O'Reilly III, C. A., Chatman, J., & Caldwell, D. F. (1991). People and organizational culture: A profile comparison approach to assessing person-organization fit. Academy of management journal, 34(3), 487-516.

Özcan, E.B. (2008). The relationship between organizational commitment and business values: A study in Adana province. Master's Thesis. Cukurova University, Adana.

Özkaya, M. O., Kocakoç, İ. D., & Karaa, E. (2006). Fieldwork to examine the relationships between managers' organizational loyalties and demographics. Management and Economics: Celal Bayar University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences Faculty, 13(2), 77-96.

Pennington, C. G. (2021). Applying the transtheoretical model of behavioral change to establish physical activity habits. Journal of Education and Recreation Patterns, (JERP), 2(1), 1-20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.53016/jerp.v2i1.6

Sığrı, Ü. (2007). Analysis of employees' organizational commitment with Meyer and Allen typology: A comparative study in the public and private sectors.

Sürgevil, O. (2007). Organizational commitment in working life. Master's Thesis. Ege University Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Izmir.

Şenturan, Ş. (2014). Organizational behavior with case studies. Beta Publishing House.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics (6th ed.), Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Tiwari, B., & Lenka, U. (2016). Building psychological safety for employee engagement in post-recession. Development and Learning in Organizations: An International Journal.

Topaloğlu, M., Koç, H., & Yavuz, E. (2008). Analysis of teachers' organizational commitment in terms of some key factors. Kamu-İş Journal, 9(4), 201-218.

Uğraşoğlu, İ. K. & Çağanağa, Ç. K. (2017). Examination of teachers' organizational commitment levels in terms of different variables. International Journal of News Trends in Arts Sports & Science Education, 6(4), 10-38.

Yakut, S. (2015). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment and practice in vocational high schools. Ph.D. Thesis. Istanbul Kültür University, Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Business Administration, Istanbul.

Yalçin, A., & İplik, N. F. (2005). A study to determine the relationship between the demographic characteristics of employees in five-star hotels and their organizational commitment: The case of Adana. Çukurova University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 14(1), 395-412.

Yazıcıoğlu, Y. & Erdoğan, S. (2004). SPSS Applied scientific research methods. Ankara: Detay Publishing.

Yener, S. (2015). Investigation of the mediating variable relationship of psychological security perception in the relationship between shared leadership behavior and intention to leave the job. Ph.D. Thesis. Haliç University Institute of Social Sciences, Istanbul.

Yener, S. (2016). Psychological comfort as the determinant of the intention to leave the job. Anadolu University Journal of Social Sciences, 18(3), 169-192.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.53016/jerp.v3i2.71

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Education and Recreation Patterns