Indoor vs. Outdoor: Investigating Recreation Activity Type on College Students' Subjective Well-being and Leisure Satisfaction



Those working in higher education have a vested interest in understanding how outdoor recreation activities facilitate happiness in students, especially with student well-being at an all-time low. The following study compares indoor versus outdoor recreation activities within the context of the DRAMMA model of leisure engagement and subjective well-being, which includes the psychological mechanisms of meaning, mastery, detachment-recovery, autonomy, and affiliation. In addition, the role of leisure satisfaction is considered as part of the model. Findings indicated a significant difference in the subjective well-being score between outdoor and indoor recreation participants and a higher score in leisure satisfaction for outdoor than indoor recreation participants.

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